Cysts are sacs of fluid, air, or any other material that is found on the body or under the skin. Surgical removal of the cyst is a treatment in which the fluid along with its surrounding sac is surgically removed. Local anesthesia is given to patients with cysts smaller than 5 cm or less. However, stronger anesthesia may be needed for cysts that are deep in the sensitive areas.
Epidermoid (Inclusion) Cyst: When keratin builds up beneath the surface of the skin, a discharge – white and creamy in nature is developed in the inclusion cysts. This type of discharge usually smells bad as it is produced from dead skin cells. They can become large up to 18 cm. If infected, these cysts can turn red and can cause extreme pain. Epidermoid cysts can grow in areas such as the face, arms, back, neck and legs
Sebaceous Cyst: Sebum, an oily liquid is secreted by the hair follicles. Pores are created by the inward growth of these follicles which can create problems on armpits, scalp, back, and face. A surgical procedure is required when they tend to grow large and become infected
Pilonidal Cyst: These are mostly noticed along the upper gluteal cleft and can result in repeated infections. They usually begin from the age of teens and can continue until your adult life also. Inward hair growth is the cause of these types of cysts. To remove these constant painful infections, hair removal, and removal of the cyst wall are required. A skin flap is normally used to cover this sensitive area to heal the wound.
Breast Cyst: It is always suggested to treat these types of cysts with extreme caution, as there is a chance that they might be malignant. An MRI or ultrasound is performed to see the smaller cysts and fibrocystic disease. However, larger cysts are removed and evaluated by the pathological departments. A thorough check is required on these cysts so they don’t tend to be cancerous
Ganglion Cyst: These are sacs filled with fluid and can appear near the ankles, feet, wrist, joints of hands, knees, elbows, and hands. An injury or constant pressure can be a cause of their appearance. In most cases, a surgical procedure is required using local anesthesia to make a small cut by numbing the affected area. Once the affected area is numbed the cyst doctor pulls out the cyst – leaving a scar that depends on the size of the cysts
There may be drainage for a couple of days so it is suggested to keep the wound covered with a dry bandage. Oral antibiotics or antibiotic creams must be taken as per Dr. Dasari’s recommendations.